1st. 4. CLIMATE


Wacht this video and match each image with weather or climate.


video

WEATHER/CLIMATE



                                    

To start with, have a look at this interesting video about weather and climate vocabulary.
Then, you can do the test suggested below.



7

Please answer the following questions to activate the vocabulary:

1) Can you remember some really cold weather, like a blizzard? What happened?
2) Do you often get snow in the winter? What time of year does it start to melt? 
3) Why does the body sweat? And why does it shiver?
4) What kind of climate do you have?
5) What's the hottest temperature you have ever experienced?
6) Have you ever been in a hurricane? What happened? Were any trees blown over?
7) What's the wettest weather you have experienced? Are there any areas near you which are in danger of floods each year?
8) Do you know anyone who has been struck by lightning?
9) Are the roads slippery at any particular time of year?


Next, watch this video about Seven factor affecting Climate.


Climates of the World


HOW TO ANALYSE A CLIMOGRAPH 


Thanks to Andrea, Juan Diego, Sonia, Lucía Domínguez, Lucía Vázquez, Adrián and Pablo for these great climographs and  analysis.
How to analyse a climograph.

Tokyo 35,68ºN/  139,69ºE    Height 5m/16 feet above sea level.


Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
3.6
4.3
7.4
13.0
17.3
20.8
24.7
26.1
22.4
16.5
11.1
6.1
14.5
mm
49.9
71.5
106.4
129.2
144.0
176.0
135.6
148.5
216.4
194.1
95.6
54.4
1523.1


Climogragh and analysis by Andrea Nevado Bustillo. 1st A

It is a Humid sub-tropical climate, with hot summers and cool winters.
Precipitation is abundant, around 1500mm. It mainly rains in the rainy season, from June to October.

The warmest months are July and August, while the coldest ones are January and February. Te average temperature is around 14,5º C, simitlar to the Mediterranean climate but a bit lower. Precipitation is greater in Humid sub-tropical  climate; those are the main differences between them, despite they've got many characteristics in common.

Humid su-tropical climate is found sin some areas belonging to Asia, such as China or Japan.
This climate belongs to a temperate zone on the Earth.

Quito 0º,22' S / 78,50º W  / 2000 mt a


Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
13.6
13.4
13.6
13.5
13.8
13.4
13.6
13.7
13.7
13.2
13.1
13.4
13.5
mm
89.5
134.8
148.0
165.4
109.9
49.3
28.7
34.6
83.7
134.7
99.2
93.9
1172.3

Climogragh and analysis by Juan Diego Fernández. 1st B

Quito es la capital de Ecuador, se encuentra en el hemisferio Sur, a más de 2.000 mt de altitud con respecto al nivel del mar.

Sus temperaturas no son muy frías, pero tampoco son cálidas, la temperatura media es de 13,3 º durante todo el año. Son moderadas y muy regulares a lo largo del año y no se diferencia estaciones ya que está en el Ecuador, el paralelo más ancho de la tierra y sobre el que los rayos del sol inciden de forma directa siempre.

El total de precipitaciones es de 1172, 3 mm a lo largo del año. Son muy abundantes y se encuentran en mayor cantidad de agosto hasta mayo.

El clima de Quito es ecuatorial  modificado por la altitud. Es un clima muy húmedo con precipitaciones superiores a los 1000 mm,. Las temperaturas son regulares a lo largo de todo el año, y son más bajas que las propias de un clima ecuatorial ya que la altitud afecta y modifica este patrón de clima.
El clima ecuatorial es propio de las zonas cálidas de la Tierra.

LAS VEGAS. height about  659 M/ 2162 feet above sea level.



Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
7.5
10.6
13.5
17.8
23.3
29.3
32.8
31.5
26.9
20.1
12.7
7.6
19.5
mm
9.3
10.4
14.9
8.6
6.0
4.3
11.1
13.9
10.1
6.6
8.6
8.8
113.2


Climogragh and analysis by Lucía Domínguez de Toro. 1st A

This is a climograph of Las Vegas. It is located in the Northern hermisphere, and its geographical coordinates are 36 º8'N and 115º16'W. Temperatures are low in winter and hot in summer, so there are four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. The coldest month is January, because the temperature is 7,5º C, and the warmest month is July, because the temperature is 32,8ºC. The total annual recipitation is 113,2 mm, it is very low. There is a dry season all year, because rain is very scarce. The average temperature is 19,5º. We can see that Las Vegas has a hot desert climate, bacause of the rainfall, less than 240mm, and because of the average temperature , about 20ºC.  Desert climates are found around tropical latitudes.

BANGKOK 13º73'N/100º,50'E


Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
25.9
27.6
29.2
30.1
29.6
29.0
28.5
28.4
28.1
27.7
26.8
25.5
28.1
mm
10.6
28.2
30.7
71.8
189.4
151.7
158.2
187.0
319.9
230.8
57.3
9.4
1466.9
Climogragh and analysis by Pablo Vaquero. 1st A
This city is located in the Northern Hemisfere. 
Average temperature is hot, 28,1º C.
The warmest month is April, the coldes month is January, although temperature variation between the hottest and coldest month is less than 5 º C.  Because of that we can assert  this place has no seasons.
Total annual rainfall is 1466,9 mm. It is extremely abundant. There is a dry season from November to March.
This is a tropical rainfall climate, with dry season. Hot zone climate.

MOSCOW 55º75' N / 37º 50'E  Height 157 m above the sea level


Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
-10.3
-9.1
-4.1
4.4
12.2
16.3
18.5
16.7
10.9
4.2
-2.0
-7.5
4.1
mm
34.4
29.0
32.7
38.2
51.0
65.6
81.5
71.8
57.7
50.4
44.1
42.4
600.6



Climogragh and analysis by Lucía Vázquez. 1st A
This climate belongs to a temperate zone because of the latitude.

The average temperature is low, around 4,1º C. The coldes month is January ant the warmest months is July . Temperature variation between both months is 28 º. Extremenly high variation.

We can distinguish four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter, because of temperatures.
Total annual rainfal is 600,6mm. It rains all year round, so rainfall is regular, although it is more abundant in summer months .

This city has a Continental Climate,  because of its low average temperature  4,1º, the regular rainfall, especially abundant en summer and no more than 650 mm, and the high temperature variation between winter and summer months.

Badajoz ( Talavera la Real Airport) 38º88'N / 6º 80' W, Height 185m / 606 feet above sea level


Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
°C
8.8
10.1
12.2
14.5
18.1
22.3
25.5
25.1
22.6
17.5
12.4
9.1
16.5
mm
54.7
54.1
52.6
46.9
38.9
20.1
4.1
5.2
25.9
52.6
59.5
56.2
474.4
Climograph by Sonia Román Quintanilla, 1st B. Analysis by Adrián Benítez Merino. 1st A. 

This place belongs to a Temperate zone because of its latitude.
The average temperature is 16,5ºC, so it is warm. The hottest months is July , 25,5º, and the coldest month is Januray , 8,8º. Temperature variation is about 16 º, so it is high. So there are four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Rainfall is irregular, and there is a dry season from June to October, this dry season corresponds to the summer months. Total annual rainfall is 474,4 mm. 

This place has a Mediterranean Climate because of the average temperature 16,5º, the total annual rainfall around 474,4 mm and the dry season during the summer.

The Mediterranean Climate is located around the Mediterranean Sea. 


Greenhouse Effect.



To end this unit, let's reflect on our carbon footprint and Climate Change.











BRAINSTORMING

List of problems
  • greenhouse effect
  • carbon dioxide emissions
  • fumes exhausted by factories
  • car's emissions
  • pollution
  • households waste
Consequences
  • more and stronger storms
  • hurricanes
  • floodings
  • ice melting at the polar cap
  • Severe droughts

 Conclusion
  • to use renewable sources of energy
  • tidal energy
  • wind energy
  • solar power.
  • reduce carbon emissions
  • encourage people to build sustainable houses

Glossary

carbon footprintan individual's or organisation's total output of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse
gases caused by their everyday actions.
She's been on three international flights this year, so she's worried about her carbon
footprint.


development noum (uncount)
change, growth, or improvement over a period of time
He encourage our staff in their development of new skills

economic adjetive
relating to business, industry, and trade
and attac on the government's economic policies

enviromenmentally friendly adjective
designed no to harme the natural environment.
I ride a bicycle, bacuase it's more environmentally friendly than driving a car.

gas noum (count/uncount)
a substance such as air that is neither a solid nor a liquid
reulations to cut the missions of gases such as carbon  dioxide

global warming / climate changehuman-caused increase in the global temperature. Scientists prefer to use the term
'climate change' because some parts of the world may become colder rather than
warmer
We need to lower our greenhouse gas emissions so that we can reduce the threat of
global warming.


greenhouse effect noum
the slow increase in the temperature of the Earth caused by increased amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

greenhouse gas noum
a gas that stops heat escapaing from the atmosphere and causes the Earth's temperature to rise.

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas.
harm,   noum (uncount)
injury, damage, or problems caused by something that you do
projects tha lead to environmental harm

melt, verb
to change a solid substance into a liquid
Melt the butter in a small saucepan

industry, noum (count/uncount)
the production of goods, especialy those made in factories; a particular industry, trade, or service and the people who work in it.
the nuclear /chemical/pharmaceutical industry

nuclear,    adjective
relating to energy produce by changing the structure of the central part of an atom.

pollute, verb
to make air, water, or land too dirty and dangerous for paople to use in a safe way
The oil spillage has polluted the harbour

storm, noum (count)
an occasion when a lot of rain falls very quickly often with very strong winds or thunder and lightning.
A violent storm broke just as vw reached the mountain.

run out of ,  pharsal verb
 to use all of somethin and not have any left .
Many hospitals are running out of money.

waste, adjective
waste substances are what is left of somthing after the valuable parts of it have been used.

wind farm, a place where wind turbines (tall structures with blades that are blown round by the
wind) are used to produce electricity from the power of the wind
Everyone says they think wind farms are a good idea but no-one actually wants them
near their house because they make such a racket.



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